Rhind Mathematical Papyrus

The Rhind Mathematical Papyrus is the best example of Egyptian mathematics. Dating back to 1650 BC, it was copied by an Egyptian scribe named Ahmes from another document written around 2000 BC.

The papyrus is named after Alexander Rhind, a Scottish antiquarian, who purchased the papyrus in 1858 in Luxor, Egypt.

The papyrus is 33 cm tall and 5 m long and contains 87 mathematical problems as well as the earliest reference to Pi.

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