Nepal, lying along the southern slopes of the Himalayan Mountain ranges, is a landlocked country located between India to the east, south and west, and Tibet in the north. Its territory extends roughly 500 miles from east to west and 90 to 150 miles from north to south. Nepal’s capital is Kathmandu.
Nepal has some of the most rugged and difficult mountain terrain in the world. Roughly 75 per cent of the country is covered by mountains. From the south to the north, Nepal can be divided into four main physical belts, each of which extends east to west across the country. These are, first, the Tarai, a low, flat, fertile land adjacent to the border of India; second, the forested Churia foothills and the Inner Tarai zone, rising from the Tarai plain to the rugged Mahābhārat Range; third, the mid-mountain region between the Mahābhārat Range and the Great Himalayas; and, fourth, the Great Himalaya Range, rising to more than 29,000 feet.